Jul 24, 2014 0
Do Dogs Experience Jealousy?
The study supports the idea that not all jealousy requires the ability to reflect on one’s self and to understand conscious intentions, as some scientists have argued, but that there is a more basic form of the emotion that likely evolved as a way of securing resources such as food and affection. Infants experience it if their mothers gaze affectionately at other babies, and so do members of another social species: dogs. (Virginia Morell, ScienceShots, Science)
Even Young Children Can Feel Schadenfreude
The kids’ schadenfreude was tied to feelings of unfairness, says Simone Shamay-Tsoory, a psychologist at the University of Haifa in Israel who led the study. Kids are generally obsessed with fairness, or at least with what’s fair to them. (Erika Engelhaupt, Science News)
Influence of Outcome Bias
What should you do when you narrowly fail to achieve an important goal? Humans have a tendency to want to do something to attempt to fix what went wrong, but the harsh fact of the matter is that sometimes you simply get unlucky. In cases like these, it might be better not to radically adjust your strategy, because good strategy and good outcomes aren’t always as tightly connected as we might like them to be. (Jesse Singal, Science of Us, New York Magazine)
How Can We Get Bystanders to Help Victims of Crime?
How can you avoid being the kind of passive bystander who watches an inebriated young woman led upstairs at a party, or a little girl injured on a busy road? In recent years, researchers have finally begun to tap years of studies to answer the question of how to reverse the bystander effect and spur onlookers into action. (Dwyer Gunn, Aeon Magazine)
The Psychology of First Impressions
You’ll have had this experience—you meet a new person and within moments you feel good or bad vibes about them. This is you performing “thin slicing”—deducing information about a person based on “tells,” some more obvious than others. Psychologists have studied this process in detail. For example, they’ve shown that we form a sense of whether a stranger is trustworthy in less than one-tenth of a second. (Christian Jarrett, BPS Research Digest)